A poison is defined as any substance that produces a harmful effect on the body. Poisons can enter the
body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the skin or mucous membranes. Common
symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, burns around the mouth, sweating, abnormal
breathing, convulsions, or unconsciousness.
When you know or suspect that a victim has been poisoned, Call for medical assistance. Watch
breathing closely and, if necessary, apply mouth to mouth breathing. Next, identify the poison, if at all
Poisons differ in their chemical composition. Some poisons are corrosive; that is, they burn and destroy
living tissue. Treatment is some what different depending on whether the person has swallowed
corrosive or noncorrosive poisons
FIRST AID TREATMENT FOR POISONING
In all cases, if the person is conscious, he or she should drink one or two glasses of milk (or water if milk
is unavallabie for corosive poisons, which include acids, alkalies and petroleum products such as paint
thinner, oven cleaner, Charcoal lighter, kerosene, dye and wax, do the following
1.Do NOT induce vomiting. Bringing the poison back up causes additional burns.
2. When any substance that can cause a chemical burn enters the eye, flush the eye. immediately with
water and continue flushing for at least 15 minutes.
For noncorosive poisons including rubbing or denatured alcohol, aspirin, bleach, hair dye, paint,
pesticides, rat poison, cosmetics, and detergent, follow these procedures to
1. Give 1 tablespoon of syrup of ipecac. Keep the person moving. Ipecac should act within l5 to 20
minutes. Repeat a second time if the person doesn't vomit.
2. If ipecac is not available or if two doses have been taken with no effect, make the person vomit by
tickling the back of his or her throat with your fingers.
3. When he or she starts to vomit, make Sure the head is in a downward direction. DO NOT USE FORCE.
Vomiting often creates panic because a person Cannot breathe at the same time.
GENERAL: NEVER GIVE LIQUID OR INDUCE VOMITING WHEN THE VICTIM IS UNCONSCIOUS